Wildlife Viewing and Photography in Alaska

The North American continent is one of the premier wildlife viewing and photography spots in the world. It covers 10 time zones and is home to majestic mountains, stunning glaciers, lush temperate and coastal rain forests and countless miles of beaches, fjords and inlets. In addition to its scenic beauty, there are approximately 1,000 species of mammals and birds each, native to the land. The opportunities for wildlife and landscape photography are so diverse it is impossible to capture everything on a single trip, or even a single life span. For this article, I will limit my discussion to one particular place in North America – the State of Alaska, because one can see all three species of Ursi, namely Black, Grizzly and Polar Bears, majestic Golden and Bald Eagles, plus many different species of birds (including hummingbirds) and exciting whale species, like the Blue, Humpback, Bowhead, Orca, Beluga and many other cetaceans and pinnipeds.
I have been photographing wildlife in Alaska for some years now and have encountered many visitors from Australasia and Europe, especially the United Kingdom. My recommendation is to prioritize the species one would like to see before focusing on capturing their images. Black and Grizzly bears can be found from Ketchikan in the south, all the way up to the Brooks Range and other mountains in the southern Arctic region. Some great spots to see and photograph them are in the Tongass National Forest, near towns like Ketchikan, Wrangell, Hoonah and Haines. Kodiak Island and the Katmai National Park are prime locations to see the Kodiak brown bears. Polar bears are usually found near towns like Barrow, Wainwright and Kaktovik, deep in the Arctic Circle. Southeast Alaska is also a great spot for whale watching, especially the waters around Juneau, Seward, Kodiak, the Inside Passage and Icy Straits. Bald and Golden eagles are quite prevalent with the former rather ubiquitous around towns close to the water. The town of Haines boasts the largest concentration of Bald eagles in the world during the month of November due to the late run of salmon in the Chilkat River. The Alaska Bald Eagle Festival is held every year in town and attracts thousands of photographers from around the world.
The Northern part of Alaska, deep inside the Arctic Circle, is a favorite spot for birders and photographers. Although the number of species are not huge, millions of waterfowls and shore birds feed and nest around numerous lakes and puddles across the Arctic tundra. Snowy Owls and Arctic Foxes are often seen hunting on the frozen ground. For those who want to photograph the Aurora Borealis, early to mid Autumn is the best time. Fairbanks is probably the most popular spot for photographers chasing the Aurora but on clear, dark nights, one can see the Aurora from many parts of Northern Alaska. Late Spring to mid Summer, around the whaling season, is a good time to visit Barrow. The Northern most town in the US, named after Sir John Barrow, the second Secretary of the Admiralty. Polar Bears can be seen scavenging the remains of whales after the butchering. The Inupiat Eskimos are permitted to hunt a small number of whales every year for subsistence living.
The state of Alaska is big – over 663,000 square miles. It is about twice the size of Texas, over three times the size of California and about seven times the size of the United Kingdom. Although Alaska is home to lots of glaciers and snow, the summer months can be pleasantly warm, by Alaskan standards, of course. Protected by the Chugach Mountains and the Alaska Range and warmed by Pacific Ocean currents, Anchorage, the largest city in the state, has a temperate maritime climate. Summer temperatures can reach into the high 70s. Low humidity also contributes to Anchorage’s comfortable climate. However, temperatures can vary greatly depending on the region one may visit. Therefore, careful clothing selection is important to anticipate the unexpected. The best advice is to dress in layers, whether one is hiking in the wilderness or just walking around town and always have a waterproof parka available at all times.
Getting around Alaska is not easy and can be expensive because there are only a few main road systems and the rest of the state is very pristene and wild. For most people, flying into Seattle or Anchorage would be the start of their Alaskan adventure, if they are visiting the Southeastern or Northern part of the state, respectively. Fortunately, there is the robust Alaska Marine Highway Ferry System to connect most cities and towns. In addition, Alaska Airlines and its subsidiary, Horizon Air, can fly visitors into many big and small towns. Lastly, there is an army of bush pilots and a fleet of small planes and seaplanes ready to take adventurous photographers into almost anywhere not reached by the other modes of transportation. For the first time visitor, I advise sticking to one or two National Parks or towns and try not to overextend oneself. There is never any guarantee in wildlife sightings and photography but if one is willing to do some thorough research before going to Alaska and is prepared to spend at least two weeks, I can assure any traveler and photographer an unforgettable experience in one of the most spectacular scenic and wildlife locations in the world.

African Safaris Are the King of Adventure Vacations

It is a vacation full of incredible scenery and beauty, an untamed frontier of danger and mystery that sits on most bucketlists everywhere. It is the African Safari.
A safari is without a doubt an adventure that cannot be match anywhere in the world. Truly a once-in-a-lifetime experience, going on a safari through the Savanna Plains of Africa is one of those things that while you are experiencing it, you can’t help but think… “Wow, and this happens every day!”
A trek through Tanzania with Mt. Kilimanjaro as a backdrop sets the scene for one of the most spectacular events in the animal kingdom, the Great Migration. This incredible annual event of over 2 million herbivores grazing their way across the Serengeti plains in search of newer pastures and water is an awesome spectacle of cat and mouse as herds of zebra, gazelle and wildebeest fight for survival against the elements and prey, in what can only be described as one of the most phenomenal natural wonders of the world. The circle of life reaches its peak at the Grumeti Senengeti Tented Camp as over 1.5 million wildebeest attempt the terrifying river crossing in crocodile infested waters in order to continue north.
When you think of an African safari, images of The Big 5 come to mind. Originally chosen by hunters listed by difficulty in hunting and the danger they possess, the lion, elephant, leopard, rhino, and Cape buffalo are still tracked and stalked by safaris every day. Good news for the Big 5 is that for the most part, they are being looked at through a telephoto lens instead of a rifle scope. Of course, cruising along in your 4×4 safari truck also presents opportunity to view other favorites such as the giraffe, hippo, hyena, baboon and cheetahs just to name a few. The experience of waking up in your resort and stepping out on to your porch to see giraffe walk by as the sun is coming up over the plains is something that you will never forget. The best viewing of these icons of the animal planet is on a safari in Kenya but modern-day safaris are not just about the animals anymore. While visiting Kenya or Tanzania, a stop to a traditional Maasai village is just as rewarding as crossing “male lion” off of your “must see on safari” list.
The Ngorongoro Crater in Tanzania is an amazing place to get year-round viewing of the extensive wildlife, to interact with the Maasai and while not out on a day safari, being pampered in some of the most exclusive and first-class accommodations found anywhere in the world. However, at up to $3000/night, you’ll be glad know there are alternatives for accommodation.
Accommodation on safaris range from traditional “under the stars” tent camps to first class resorts that you wouldn’t expect out in the middle of the African plains. Unique living such as tree-top style resorts or spending nights with the Maasai, it’s all available and fits into your budget and style, it all depends on your comfort level.
While not on safari, or for a change of pace, take a climb up Mt. Kilimanjaro for a spectacular view of the Savanna laid out before you or take a hot air balloon ride for an aerial view of the thunderous herd below.
As humans we are often fascinated by the animal kingdom and sure, you can go to a zoo, but there is nothing like seeing the nature of the beast in its natural environment and its raw and pure form. It is the attraction of seeing the incredible power of the elephant, the stalking ability of the lion, the gracefulness of the giraffe and gazelle, and the daily fight for survival that draw us to the safari and it’s the natural instinct or bond we have to these beasts that we associate ourselves with that allow us to leave the safari knowing we experienced something really special.

California Travel – From Santa Barbara to Monterey by Car

Northern Santa Barbara County, and the California coast beyond, offer tourist attractions worth spending a few days enjoying. There are a number of natural wonders and great tourist stops to be seen driving north from Santa Barbara. This trip is suitable for both couples and families.
Take the San Marcos Pass road as you leave the city of Santa Barbara. This is a breathtaking mountain drive that heads up the side of La Cumbra Peak on Highway 154. Along the way to the highest part of the highway, there are many scenic turnouts for a panoramic view of Santa Barbara, the Channel Islands National Park and the many miles of coastline.
Once over the pass, you’ll drive by Cachuma Lake. This is a state recreation resource for camping and fishing.
Santa Ynez, for which this valley and region are named, is an old California mission town. Here you will find a number of fine art galleries and the county’s fine wineries. Notable celebrity homes here include President Reagan’s ranch and the Neverland retreat of entertainer Michael Jackson.
The quaint community of Solvang is just a few miles west of Santa Ynez on Hwy. 246, just west of Hwy. 101. It is a remarkable replication of an old Danish village, complete with a giant windmill. The town boasts some of the best Danish bakeries and buffet smorgasbords in the country. Spend a few hours here for lunch, and to visit the Scandinavian craft and souvenir shops. You’ll forget, for just a while, that you’re in the heart of Southern California horse and wine country.
The beautiful state beach parks just a few miles north of the city are yet another group of attractions. Leaving town, travel north along the coast on Highway 101. The road today retraces the historic El Camino Real, or King’s Highway. Check out El Capitan, Refugio or Gaviota state beach parks. They offer fishing, camping, and picnic sites on remarkable beaches.
Santa Maria is the next town up the highway. Santa Maria Tri-Tip barbecue is a local tradition. It’s not like anything you’ll find in Texas or other barbecue meccas. This is rubbed and marinated barbecued sirloin roast. It’s sliced thin, and is usually served rare. Typically it is eaten with corn tortillas or on a sandwich bun, and along with Santa Maria’s slow-baked Poquito beans. It’s well worth the stop to try.
Less than half an hour north of Santa Maria is the picturesque seaside town of Pismo Beach. Most of the motels and restaurants are on the ocean side of the highway, set on the cliffs overlooking a view of miles of coastline. Pismo Beach claims to be the world’s clam capital, owing to the unusually large, tasty and abundant Pismo clam. Several versions of clam recipes are available in a number of the local restaurants.
The nearby Oceano Dunes State Vehicular Recreation Area. It is a 1,500 acre sand dune state park for ATV and 4-wheel vehicles. There are camping and RV facilities available. This is one of the few places in California where driving on the beach is permitted. Bringing folding beach chairs is a good idea.
Continuing north from Pismo Beach, you can drive up the tiny coast road to the town of Morro Bay. It’s a town with a distinctive New England coastal flavor. This is where the Pacific Coast Highway becomes part of the National Scenic Byways Program. Enjoy the road stretch from Morro Bay on the south, along the Big Sur coastline, up to Monterey at the north. Without exaggeration, this is one of the most beautiful and breathtaking roads anywhere in the world.
Exploring the central California coast is a great and affordable journey. There’s no need to forgo travel plans because of today’s high cost of living.

Are Economy Cars Always Cheap To Own?

Are Cheap Cars Really Cheap To Own?
I know that the sticker price is very important to most auto shoppers. This is true if people are looking for a new or used vehicle. However, the actual price of the vehicle should just be one factor to consider. It may not really illustrate the cost of owning a vehicle very well at all!
Consider an obvious example. A lot of people are trying to sell their gas guzzlers for very cheap prices today. You may not pay much for the used vehicle, but with rising gas prices, keeping it fueled can be a larger expense than paying for the car. In addition, if you have not done your homework, you may take home a used car with some mechanical problems. Repair costs can eat into your budget too. All of a sudden, the bargain you picked up at the used car lot is not looking like a very good choice any longer.
Sometimes, paying more for the vehicle, and getting a car that is easy on fuel and does not need major repairs, ends up being a much more frugal choice. Before you purchase a vehicle it is a good idea to have it checked out, and to do some research on fuel economy.
I gave a used car as my first example. However, you can have the same problem if you are shopping for a brand new car from the dealer’s lot. The low end economy car may seem like a great deal. It may even have great gas mileage and a warranty that will save you from a lot of extra costs.
However, you also need to consider the cost of insuring your new car. If you look at a list of the least expensive cars to cover, you will find a lot of minivans, sturdy SUVs, and even some pickups on the list. The lowest priced, economy models may actually cost more to cover. If you have purchased an inexpensive car to control car payments, but then end up with an expensive insurance bill, you may not have really gotten such a good deal after all.
You might have paid $50 a month less for your compact car than you would have for the slightly larger SUV. But you may end up sinking that extra cash into insurance. You could have paid the same total amount of money, and ended up with a more expensive car.
Are Used Cars Always Cheaper?
If you want to buy a reliable used vehicle to save money, be sure it will really save you money in the long run. Some financing companies charge higher interest rates for used car purchases. The difference in interest rates can mean higher car payments in the end. You also have to check into how much money you might save by getting a new car with a good warranty.
Some new cars have advanced safety features which also make then less expensive to insure than used cars. If you want to estimate the cost an auto policy, you cannot always go by the vehicle sales price either!
What Is The Cost Of Car Ownership?
You have to consider the total cost of car ownership. This is not always possible to predict, but you can find out a lot about most makes and models. Look into estimated repair bills, warranty coverage, the cost of an auto policy, and available financing. These are important factors, and they can change the equation much more than the selling price of the car!

Top 5 Backpacker Adventure Trips in South and Central America

Holidaymakers who have plans to travel around South and Central America and are looking for some adventure during their trip might want to head to these five destinations, where you’ll find a whole range of activities to take part in.
For a truly spectacular sight, you could start your journey in South America’s most southerly point and work your way upwards through the continent. This will take you to Patagonia – a 673,000-square kilometre stretch of land that cradles between Argentina and Chile.
Throughout this vast area, you’ll be able to experience the different cultures of the two countries but the main reason people tend to head this far south is to see the magnificent views of its ice-capped mountain ranges and glaciers.
Wrapping up warm, you could head to Parque Nacional de Los Glaciares – a place where you’ll come face-to-face with some of the most impressive icebergs you’re ever likely to come across. You can walk around the ice lakes or take a boat trip to get closer to the glaciers and listen to the loud cracking sounds of ice breaking off and the thunderous noise of them splashing into the deep waters.
Patagonia also has other awesome natural landscapes that you can see on walking, horse riding and cycling trips, including its canyons, valleys and volcanoes that create a vista you’re unlikely to forget for a long time.
If you love looking at natural sights, you could travel up the continent to Brazil to see its Iguacu Falls. Here, you can come close to the thunderous falls – a stretch of water three kilometres wide that drops 80 metres.
As the falls are wider than Victoria Falls and taller than Niagara Falls, they are definitely worth a look and you can get a different perspective of them if you cross over the Argentinean border. Here, you will see some of the narrower 250 waterfalls of Iguacu, dropping from great heights in the midst of the dense forest.
Adventure lovers can get even closer to the spray by taking a boat trip near to the rolling waters, where you can hear the roar of the river tumbling down and feel the splash on your faces. Or, you can take a helicopter ride to see the falls in their full glory.
Costa Rica is another place to visit if you want to see impressive natural landscapes as the country is full of luscious cloud forests, golden sandy beaches, natural hot springs and thundering volcanoes.
Indeed, if you want to get your adrenaline pumping you can visit Arenal Volcano National Park, where you can take part in a number of thrill-seeking activities. However, it is most famous for being home to one of Costa Rica’s most active volcanoes, Arenal. You can feel the 5,437-foot tall mountain rumble as you climb your way through the forests of the national park and by night, you can have some spectacular views of it spewing out amber lava into the sky and see the fiery red molten rock trickle down its slopes.
The national park remains one of the most popular places to visit in Costa Rica, as you can enjoy a variety of activities there, including white-water rafting, cycling, horse riding and trekking through the 29,692-acre mountainous forest terrain.
You might even want to follow in the footsteps of fellow backpackers and go zip flying through its green jungle, which has become a hugely popular activity to enjoy in the nation.
As well as the region’s breathtaking views, Central and South America is also well-known for its ancient history and taking part in the Inca Trail challenge is on most itineraries of holidaymakers heading to this part of the world.
Over the years, this 43-kilometre trek has made Peru one of the most popular places to visit in South America, as many people come to retrace the steps of the Incas to the lost city of Machu Picchu, situated high on the Andean peaks.
The hike lasts four days and during this period, you will walk through cloud forests, trek up steep mountain edges and camp near snow-capped peaks. The highest point on the trip is at 4,200 metres and you might become affected by this steep altitude. However, the views along the way of sharp silver mountaintops nestling within white clouds for miles on end more than make up for this.
At the end of the trip, you will make it to Machu Picchu – the Inca city hidden for hundreds of years in the imposing folds of the mountains. Seeing the remains of the once-bustling metropolis peeking out behind the sunrise will take your breath away as you try to imagine how generations of people lived here so many miles from other forms of civilisation.
If you’re into your history, then another site you should visit is Mexico’s Chichen Itza – one of the most famous Mayan ruins in the country. Here, you can walk around the stone temples and other buildings where the Mayan people lived between 700 and 900, hiding in the wild growth of the jungle.
This is one of the most popular of Mexico’s historical locations and for good reason, as you can walk around the city and come up with theories about how the civilisation that existed here for hundreds of years suddenly vanished in the 14th century.
Places like these make Central and South America must-see destinations for people who want to discover something new, as you never know when another lost city will be found within its vast and impenetrable landscape.

How to Teach Your Children to Eat Healthy

It’s so important to feed our children healthy foods and teach them to make healthy food choices early in life. Here are a few ideas to help our children eat healthier.
Go food shopping with your children. Allow the children to select the fruits and vegetables. Give them a bag and let them choose the broccoli, string beans, or grapes. Use the dinner table to discuss with the rest of the family how the selected fruits or vegetables were prepared, how they taste, and what the specific nutrients they provide for our bodies.
Visit a farmers market or local farm. Give each child their own weekly snack bag or basket and allow them to pick the fruits or vegetables they want. Give them a section in the refrigerator for their own healthy weekly snacks. Ask them to select plenty of nature’s sweet treats like raisins, grapes, cherries, peaches, oranges, and apples.
Cook with your children. Start with having them wash the fruits and vegetables. Peeling potatoes or carrots with a safe peeler. My children love mixing the salad or making homemade salad dressing. Create fruit shakes or smoothies for dessert. They will love putting the ice, milk, and fruits in the blender and hitting the blend button. While cooking you can hear about their day and emphasize the importance of eating healthy. Have fun in the kitchen preparing healthy dishes and creating lasting memories.
Grow a garden with your children. Start with a window garden of herbs, tomatoes or peppers. They will love planting and playing in the dirt. Watering an outside garden will be tons of fun, children love playing with water. As the vegetables start to grow, play games like “Who Can Spot a Tomato First.” When it is time for picking the vegetables, let the children help. They will be so excited to see the finished product, pick it, and taste it.
Emphasize the importance of drinking water. Strive for eight glasses per day. Allow only water between meals rather than sugary drinks. Explain why water is vital for the body (cleansing, flushing, etc.) and what happens when you become dehydrated.
Lastly, encourage and model good eating habits. Let your children see you drinking lots of water and eating all of your vegetables. Praise them for their vegetable selections in the store and for helping prepare dinner. Have fun eating healthy, preparing healthy dishes, shopping for vegetables, growing your garden, and spending time with your children. Explain that we have one body that we need to feed healthy stuff, love, and take care of!

Easy Jogging Tips

Jogging is considered as one of the most ideal forms of physical workout when you want to stay healthy and fit. It is one of the most practical type of exercise too since it is free of charge and very much effective in burning calories at the same time. This is also perfect when you want to lose weight and shed off those extra pounds. As you read through this article, you will learn so much about some helpful guides and wise tips in jogging that you need to know. Before you get to start in this form of physical work out, you need to consult your physician first so as to determine if your body can tolerate this kind of activity.
The first tip is to put on jogging gears that you find comfortable, useful and necessary. It is imperative too that what you wear helps you appear pleasant and good. Make certain that it is not too tight nor to loose, it should allow you to move freely whenever you wear one. Choose clothes that are made of cotton so as to facilitate easy absorption when you sweat. Ensure that you keep your upper and lower extremities warm whenever it is cold.
The second tip is to select an appropriate place where you can jog. Do not jog on a slope or unstable surface for it will just make you topple over. Jog on a ground free of any uncomfortable destruction.
However before you begin jogging, have some warm up activity first. This necessitates you to stretch your body parts just as you start jogging. Walk about a hundred steps for you need to start the whole course of jogging gradually. Notice your respiratory rate and heart rate if they increased in tolerable manner, then you can increase the speed to a controllable rate. When you want to stop, do not stop immediately. You need to slow down your pace first so as to prevent sudden change of body movement that may cause undesirable symptoms. In as much as warming up is essential, you should also realize the essence of cooling down every after exercise.
Another thing is that you need to stay upright and avoid springing back too much when you are in the course of jogging. Raise your front knee and stretch out your leg. Ensure that your arms stay close to you and sway them in a forward motion, back and forth, and never across the body. Do not close your fists tightly, allow them to move freely. Your shoulders need to be relaxed, your chest out and exposed. Never attempt to neither bend forward nor look at the ground for these will consequently result to unpleasant upper body bearing and distressful pain in the upper and neck area.
Finally, hydration plays an important role in jogging, or any physical exercise you will engage yourself into. When you do any form of workout, your body abruptly loses water, especially when the climate brings about hot environment. You need to drink plenty of water just as you start jogging. Just avoid drinking more than what your stomach can handle. After all, a full stomach while jogging can be very unnerving.

Explore the Best Travel Destinations in the US

United States of America is a diversified country which offers amazing natural and cultural wonders. Whether you are a nature loving person and want to see the sights of great mountains, plains, forests, deserts and wildlife or you love to walk around the modern civilization, fashion and entertainment; America can be the best travel destination for you. Its incredible cities, soaring shore redwoods, alpine lakes, moving vineyard and many more fascinating places will deeply impress you.
USA is a large kingdom consisting 50 states and more than 20,000 cities in it. Each state and city offers something illustrative; so the task of sorting out the best travel destinations in US has become slightly difficult. But at last, we have managed to come up with top 5 travel destinations based on their popularity. Following are some of the locations that truly represent the glory of US and can be considered as the top places to travel in the world:
1. New York City (New York): The pride of United States and famously known as “The Big Apple”, New York City is one of the greatest vacation destination of America that no one wants to pass over. The city offers fabulous attractions such as mountains and beaches, thousand of Islands including world famous Niagara Falls and National Parks along with countless enjoyable places such as greatest theater, museums, etc. Apart from all these attractions, there are numerous American icons like Statue of Liberty, Empire State Building, and Times Square which makes the New York City stands tall among all other tourist destinations in the world.
2. Los Angeles (California): Los Angeles is the second highest travelled location in United States after New York City. This entertainment wealth of the World is not only popular for its lure of Hollywood and international celebrities, but also well known for its Disneyland, seaside, mountains, snowboarding, climbing, parks, zoos etc. California’s coastal highway 101 is much loved touring way among visitors, because it provides open road trip to California starting from Los Angeles and going through some of the most pleasing spots of the state. Another eye catching area around Los Angeles is Mount Shasta volcano. What more to mention here about California, as it is considered as an American Dream.
3. Chicago (Illinois): When it comes to the architecture and museums, Chicago certainly comes in mind. Attractive museums, aquariums, botanical gardens, skylines, restaurants, shopping spots and many more activities that can pleasantly be enjoyed here. If you are an art lover then the Art Institute of Chicago offers you various Art exhibitions and Art sessions all over the year. Apart from Chicago, there are also other parts in Illinois State that really worth visiting such as Springfield which was a long time home for late American president Abraham Lincoln. You can also appreciate many common American festivals in Illinois throughout the season.
4. Washington, DC (Washington): USA capital is famous for its museums and typical monuments. The historical white house, great monuments such as the Vietnam War Memorial, the Lincoln Memorial, National Parks, National Forests and Wild Life are the main tourist attractions in the City.
5. Las Vegas (Nevada): Las Vegas is an extraordinary city of United States located in the state called Nevada. The ‘Sin City’ is commonly famous for its night life. Lightening casinos, hotels, cultural shows and museums grab the attention of people from all over the world. Apart from Las Vegas, Nevada state also offers many other enthralling spots such as Hoover dam, Lake Tahoe state park, Wild horse state recreation area, etc.
So, these are few of the best travel destinations in US. Your vacations should not end here as there are plenty of other places too in the country which offers many more things.

A Green City Is a Smart City

With the right technologies in environmental care, metropolitan areas will become more environmentally friendly and furthermore can help their local authorities and businesses to cut costs.
Rapid urbanization is a challenge for cities and megacities all over the world and especially in the Lower Gulf Region. Between three quarters and over 90 percent of the region’s population already lives in cities and the numbers are rising. About 70 percent of greenhouse gases, two thirds of the energy consumed, and 60 percent of water consumption can be attributed to cities around the world.
Most crucial in the arid Middle East is an efficient water supply. As a matter of course a reliable and safe supply of water can only be achieved by purifying drinking water and by reusing waste water.
Facing further challenges arising from demographic changes and global warming cities are forced to improve their energy consumption and the efficiency of their infrastructures. Modern technology allows sustainable cities to improve the living conditions of their residents and furthermore become more environmentally friendly.
But what does it take in order to become a green city or a smart city? Sustainability seems to be the keyword. First of all cities and communities should optimize their infrastructure and provide modern and efficient services which are justified on the needs of their residents. Intelligent traffic control systems help to keep the traffic flow and can help to reduce emissions.
The implementation of modern technologies in buildings can save up to 60 per cent of the energy used in service and maintenance of buildings. In order to assess a building’s cost effectiveness it is necessary to take into account all the costs that will arise during its lifecycle. Savings are guaranteed and will finance associated measures and assure cost effectiveness in future. Moreover modern lighting in buildings is not only energy efficient but also creates a positive atmosphere which helps to improve living quality and enables effective and creative working.
The most important factor for energy efficiency in a green city is the right solution for the entire energy conversion chain, which starts at the efficient energy generation in combined gas and steam turbines and in solar power plants. A decisive factor for sustainable urban development is intelligent conservation of energy. This allows communities and businesses to be more productive while using less energy. In Abu Dhabi a combined power and desalination plant is capable of generating approximately 5000 megawatts of electricity and around 1.4 million cubic meters of drinking water per day.

Playing Violin Can Benefit Your Children

Studies have shown that music can help stimulate a child’s brain. Children who are exposed to classical music tend to be more active and responsive and can interact very well. This is the reason why pregnant women are encouraged to play classical music before their baby is born. This can be a great start for the child’s brain development. One instrument that fits well with classical music is the violin. If you introduce violin playing to your child at an early stage, your child might have an advantage in personal and mental development.
There are many reasons why playing a violin at an early stage can be helpful to your child. It can help in your child’s brain development. With violin playing, your child will learn how to identify the right tone and pitch when he/she is playing. This may help in the increase the intelligence level of the child. This is a good exercise for the brain as it develops more skills in other areas such as analysis and abstract reasoning.
Not only can that be very helpful in the mental development of the child, playing a violin can also help in the physical development such as developing the child’s coordination skills. Just like other instruments, playing a violin requires the right coordination of the hands. In this case, the left and the right hand should coordinate well to produce great music. The left hand is responsible to finger the violin string to produce the right tone and pitch. And the right hand should bow correctly to product the right sound. The coordination of both hands is essential to produce beautiful music.
The other area that can be developed by playing the violin is the child’s emotional development. Just like with other music lessons, this can be very helpful in boosting a child’s confidence. He/she won’t be capable of playing any instrument if the child does not develop trust and confidence in his/her self. One way to step this up is to let your child join music performances. Encourage your child to do a solo performance or to join a group playing instruments.
All of these aspects will not be achievable if you are not there to support your child. These lessons can be difficult at first, but with your help and constant practice, this is very achievable. Just be supportive of your child and they may learn how to play the violin and gain some other benefits as well.