When most people think of lavender they think of hot summer days, that heady distinctive scent and the gentle buzzing of bees; an image that has made it one of the most popular garden plants. Originally from the Mediterranean region and India, the lavender species is now cultivated all over Europe. Its uses are documented as far back as Roman times when it was used to scent their bath water. Indeed it was the Romans who first introduced the plant to Britain.
Lavender is a large family of plants, some annual, others perennial, some hardy and others tender. It is a plant well worth collecting and if you have some space in your garden, why not create a small garden devoted to the species. Here is a short guide to creating a small lavender garden which measures 15 feet square, including preparation, types of lavender you might like to grow and some companion plants.
Preparing the ground
Lavender prefers well-draining soil and a warm sunny aspect. However, it will grow in semi-shade as long as the soil conditions are right. Most lavenders are quite hardy and should survive winter temperatures, but if you live in an area with very cold winter temperatures it might be worth considering growing the plants in containers so that you can more easily protect them in severe weather.
If your soil is clay you will need to dig in plenty of organic matter followed by sharp sand in order to improve the drainage. Mark out the area you want to plant. In a square area it is a good idea to divide it up into four smaller squares with narrow paths running through so that you can easily access the plants.
When deciding which species to include in your garden, there are a few things you will need to consider. How large will a particular species grow? Is it hardy? It is a good idea to grow a range of varieties in groups to achieve an overall effect of shape, size and colour. Plant in groupings of 3-5 plants for maximum impact. For larger varieties choose augustifolia or English Lavender, which is a hardy evergreen perennial. It grows to a height of 32ins with a spread of 3ft and has mauve/purple flowers on long spikes in summer. If you are keen to try and distil your own lavender oil, then choose Lavender Grosso which is a cross between augustifolia and latifolia and the choice of most commercial growers. The species is very tall growing and is good for making lavender wands and the flowers are good for making sachets. Lavender Hidcote is another good variety. This hardy evergreen perennial grows to a height of around 18in and has dark blue flowers on medium spikes in summer. Lavender Rosea has pink flowers in summer and very aromatic leaves.
Lavenders known as French Lavenders are only half hardy but are well worth growing for their attractive coloured bracts in summer. Lavender Pedunculata grows up to 24ins and has attractive purple bracts with an extra mauve centre tuft.
If you want some smaller growing varieties for the front of borders or to infill, then choose Lavender Folgate, Lavender Lodden pink or blue, and Lavender Munstead. Medium varieties include Lavender Bowles and Lavender Old English.
The best way to maintain a healthy lavender bush is to trim it to shape every year in spring, taking care not to cut into the old wood which will not sprout again. Once the flowers have gone over, trim back to the leaves. You can also trim the plant again in early autumn. Regular trimming in this way will keep a neat shape and encourage new growth.
If you want to gather lavender flowers for sachets or to dry as bunches, it is best to cut them just as they open. Dry the flowers by hanging them in small bunches. The leaves can be picked at any time to use fresh.
If you choose to grow your lavender in containers make sure you choose garden planters that show the lavender off well. All lavenders look good in terracotta. Choose a well-drained compost and grit mix. Position your container in a sunny position. Although lavender will grow in partial shade, it can affect the scent of the plant. Water well and feed during the summer months. In winter allow the plant to dry out completely and then re-introduce water slowly in the spring.
You may wish to grow other plants alongside your lavender. If you have used a square design you could edge each square in low box hedging which will enclose the lavender plants in a straight edge of dark evergreen foliage. Other plants that grow and look well with lavender include other heat tolerant plants such as Santolina or cotton lavender, Rosemary and Oregano. Echinacea and Scabiosa are other good choices. Coleus adds a good colour contrast to the silvery grey of lavender leaves.
Most of what happens when you quit smoking is a physical reaction. Your body begins to immediately clean and repair itself. However, many other events occur, including many long-term effects that will change both the way you spend your money, as well as how you live your life.
If you stopped smoking right now, within twenty minutes on the quit smoking timeline, your heart rate and blood pressure would drop back to normal levels. By the end of the day, levels of carbon monoxide would have returned to non-smoker levels. The risk of stroke, coronary heart disease, and heart attack drops to the same as a non-smoker after fifteen years.
The changes that occur after you quit smoking lead to a longer life. Carbon monoxide, which is caused by smoking cigarettes, along with nicotine and other toxins in cigarettes, create many diseases. You increase the risk of ulcers, more severe versions of colds and the flu, and many types of cancer by smoking. By cutting it out entirely, you increase the likelihood of a long, healthy life.
What happens immediately after you kick the habit is the appearance withdrawal symptoms. Irritability, depression, and restlessness are the more prevalent reactions, as the body reacts to the loss of nicotine. The loss of smoking time will also result in boredom and quick-temperedness. Many quitters also report headaches and flu-like symptoms, which lessen as time goes on. Smokers are forced to dig down to the reason why they began smoking in the first place, which eases the process of quitting.
Most countries have smoking laws in place, which is limiting smokers by telling they exactly where they can, and can’t enjoy their cigarettes. Many restaurants don’t even allow smoking within the confines of the building because of the smell and toxicity of the smoke. Smoking causes many very undesirable traits. Smokers smell unpleasant to most people, and even to smokers themselves. Cigarette smoke makes skin, hair, clothes, houses, and mouths smell objectionable. Smelling better is one of the things that happens when you quit smoking, allowing you to move through crowded places with confidence.
Along with these more drastic changes, your hair and clothes will smell better, your teeth will whiten, your fingernails will lose the yellowish tinge, and your sense of smell and taste will return to normal. Also what happens after you quit smoking is the discontinued loss of money.
Without the addiction to nicotine, you will have more money and free time, without being constrained by smoking breaks and buying cigarettes.
Freedom from the addiction makes quitters both happier and healthier than their smoking counterparts. What happens after you quit smoking affects the rest of your life, leading to a healthier lifestyle, which in turn leads to a longer life.
The Trans Siberian railway is one of the world’s classic and most well known train journeys. It is the longest point to point rail trip currently in existence, it covers a massive amount of territory from the Pacific coast at Vladivostok all the way to the edge of Europe in Moscow. Along the journey the carriages traverse taiga, steppes, and the Ural Mountains, in total a distance of almost ten thousand kilometres.
The trip is not just any ordinary rail journey, it is a world and adventure in itself. The Trans Siberian is loved by rail enthusiasts, adventurers, and those in search of romance and discovery. Memories of the trip are carried for life by those fortunate enough to have been a passenger.
Unlike the images we often see in the media, on the Trans Siberian you will discover the true essence of the world’s biggest country. Most of the passengers are Russians who are far from being aloof and cold as they were often depicted in old propaganda, today you will find warmth and hospitality no matter whether taking lunch, drinking in the bar, or simply lazing in your carriage with other passengers.
There are many reasons why people choose to travel the Trans Siberian. If you are considering booking tickets, check out these following suggestions as to why the journey has become and continues to be one of the most popular anywhere on the planet. To start with there is the name itself, it conjures up a mystique all of its own. Imagine how amazed and jealous your friends and colleagues will be when you tell them you are taking a trip on the Trans Siberian express, open jawed expressions would greet your plans.
With the option of choosing to also travel the Trans Mongolian and Trans Manchurian lines you can get a taste of China and Mongolia as well as Russia. The experience would allow you a deep understanding of these ancient cultures in a way which would not be possible if you were simply to fly in. Where else can you spend time sitting next to a Cossack, a Mongolian Buddhist lama, and at the end of your trip, smart dressed Chinese business people. The friends and contacts that will be made will last a lifetime.
Siberia in itself is a majestic land and one that is full of stunning vistas and breathtaking panoramas. This timeless and yet vast territory is one that is relatively untouched by the modern world, very few places on our planet can still be termed as natural and unchanged as Siberia.
Another reason for booking yourself a berth on this train is that you can make a stop off at Lake Baikal. This is the largest, as well as deepest, freshwater lake anywhere on the planet. It is a supremely beautiful and awe inspiring location that can be a great place to unwind.
If you want to see a huge area of the world for a relatively inexpensive price, the Trans Siberian is the way to travel. Just be warned you may end up hooked and want to come back the same way again.
There are plenty of schools of thought that will tell you that drinking alcohol is not good for the body. And for the most part this can be a true statement. However, a glass of red wine on a daily basis has been proven to have several health benefits. Studies show that some of the compounds in red wine are actually good for preventing things like heart disease and diabetes. They also lower the bad cholesterol levels and can even promote weight loss. Moderation is the key to drinking red wine for your health.
The properties that make red wine healthful are the resveratrol and other polyphenols that come from the variety of grapes used in its production. Polyphenols are the natural chemical compounds found in the skin of the grapes used to make wine. They are also found in many other plants. These polyphenols act as antioxidants. Antioxidants are the vitamins and minerals and naturally occurring enzymes that protect cells from damage caused by the metabolic process, they also help to prevent chronic diseases. Resveratrol has also been studied for its anti- aging effects. The test on lab mice has been very promising.
Drinking responsibly is the key. Since the compounds are found in most fruits and vegetables you merely have to substitute one serving of fruit with a glass of wine. It would be unwise to drink seven glasses of wine on a daily basis as a replacement for the daily requirements that have been set forth. Heart health is one of the most document uses for red wine. A notable publication did a study that showed that red wine actually prohibited the synthesis of the protein endothelin-1. This is the main culprit in the development of atherosclerosis. This buildup of fatty material along the walls of the major arteries is what leads to heart disease.
We need to remember that the alcohol of red wine is not the thing that promotes good health it is the polyphenols you are seeking. The benefits are the same for both sexes, although a man can generally drink more wine because of his body mass. Too much alcohol can lead to sclerosis of the liver.
Flavonoids are also a major healthy compound found in red wine. The main one is the anthocyanin; this is the compound that makes grapes attain the deep purple hue. To get this and the other antioxidants in abundance you should drink a Cabernet Sauvignon or Pinot Noir. Although others contain these compounds the concentration is a lot higher in these wines.
The multitalented German-Turkish pianist and composer Deniz Türkmen dedicated his gigantic etude for piano and orchestra to The CosmoPolite after he was awarded with the PoliteAward by the jury – thanks a lot!
Review: Deniz Türkmen is one of the greatest virtuosos of our time, a multitalented ambitious young man, a creator of a new music, a maestro who is on the way to be a composer like Chopin and Liszt – musicians will play his compositions even in thousand years!
About Deniz Türkmen
Deniz Türkmen (born 8 October 1991) is a German-Turkish pianist and composer.
Türkmen was born in Oberhausen, Germany. His mother Gülay Türkmen (cook) and father Celal Türkmen (quality control inspector) worked both at Siemens, they are now retired. The brother Cagdas Türkmen is a neuropsychologist. Deniz Türkmen began playing piano at the age of eleven and learned very fast. At the age of twelve, he gave his first public recital with works by Bach and Mozart.
He studied first under the church musician Paul Brenninkmeyer who awarded him as his best student ever. Later he studied under the great virtuoso Peter Feuchtwanger.
After his debut in the concert hall of Mülheim an der Ruhr, Deniz Türkmen had stations in Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, United Kingdom, Poland, Czech Republic, Austria, Italy, Slovenia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey.
He now teaches his students and performs with concerts, projects and seminars, especially in America, Europe and Asia.
In his concerts he performs mostly with own works, but sometimes also with works by Beethoven, Schubert, Chopin, Liszt, Rachmaninoff and Scriabin for example. In the projects he works with his global acting group GOLDEN BULWARK on new compositions. The seminars are about natural piano playing with the method of research.
There are some people who really get huge returns from their investments in the stock market and their success acts as an inspiration to many who also decide to join stock trading. As a beginner, you may find it challenging since you may be expecting some returns but end up making losses. Outlined below are some stock market tips for some wise investment:
You should try to understand how the stock market works, learn some concepts and try to understand some common terminologies used in stock trading. You should then go ahead to learn some analyzing skills which should assist you in identifying the best performing stocks. It is also important to understand some common ratios used in analyzing companies. Learning all this will take you time and you will therefore need to be dedicated.
There are definitely risks involved in stock trading and you should always be in a position to analyze these before investing in stocks from a given company. As a beginner, you can start by first practicing using some demo software, proceed to real market trading where you should start small and later invest more depending on your performance. You should also understand your risk tolerance to avoid frustrations.
Automate your trading
Nowadays, you can get some trading software to automate your stock market deals where this will really save you time and energy. You will also be making more accurate decisions which will assist you in making wise investments for greater returns. You can invest in some software to help keep proper records of things like subscription costs, stock brokers, tracking and analyzing stocks and personal money management among others.
Set and follow your rules
When starting your investments in the stock market, you should formulate some goals and ways of achieving them. You should put into consideration some things like your investments per trade, time frame, your risk tolerance and the expected returns. You should then be disciplined enough to stick to these rules and this is what will amount to personal success over time.
The stock market is very dynamic and keeping up with the changes will require you to be always updated on the latest happenings. You can subscribe to stock market news or any other stock investment services where some are free but others will cost you some fee. It is also important to be spending some adequate amount of time with other investors as you may end up benefiting from some important ideas.
Most of us have been touched by a poem at least once in their lifetime. Poems are a beautiful way to express human emotions. They can be complicated or simply formed. While most of us enjoy poetry, very few of us would think of writing a poem to express our own experiences. The task seems daunting and complicated. It does not always have to be that way. If you study the basic structure of different poems, you will easily be able to write simple poems for your own enjoyment. It is a joyful endeavour and will be a very satisfying experience. Someone has rightly said that poetry is the language of the soul.
Haiku – The most shortest and popular form of poem is a haiku. This is a form derived from Japanese poetry. Haiku is a three-line poem with the first and third line having five syllables each. The second line has seven syllables. Haiku does not necessarily have to rhyme. Haikus focus on a particular revealing or insightful moment. Images are integral to a haiku poem. The positioning and contrast of these images is what makes a haiku beautiful.
Tanka – Tanka is traditionally, a non rhyming form of Japanese poetry with 5 lines. The second, fourth and fifth lines have seven syllables each while the first and third lines have five syllables. The subject of a tanka usually deals with human emotions.
Shape poems – These are easy to master once you get the hang of it. Shapes poems are poems written in a particular shape. To begin, first draw a shape. The shape can be a triangle, a heart or even a shape of a Christmas tree. Start our writing your poem in these shapes and watch your poem literally take shape.
Calligrams – Calligrams are poems that take the shape of the subject of the poem. For example a poem talking about a house can take the shape of a house.
Acrostic poems – Acrostic poems are fun and have a puzzle to solve. The first letter on each line can spell out some name. The trick is to look for a pattern.
Ekphrastic poems – Ekphrastic poems are those which comment on an art piece such as a painting or an artefact. Sometimes it is the other way round. Artists are inspired by the imagery presented in the poem.
Quincouplets – This is a recent form of poetry inspired by a six word story by Ernest Hemingway. It is a five word poem with two words on the first line and three words in the second line.
Free verse poems – These do not have a specific structure and give the poet total freedom. This is a perfect form for beginning writers to start with.